In 1990, Ray Kurzweil, the leading US inventor and futurist, and Director of Engineering at Google defined Artificial Intelligence (“AI”) as “the science of making computers do things that require intelligence when done by humans”. Whilst it has been generally accepted that Robots might be capable of performing mathematical and scientific tasks, creativity has long been considered a uniquely human quality. However, 30 years on from Kurzweil’s definition, AI is creating original artistic, literary and musical works with little or no human interference.
Artificial Intelligence is a discipline of computer science that is aimed at developing machines and systems that can carry out tasks considered to require human intelligence with the development of new neural networks techniques and hardware.AI is usually perceived as a synonym for “deep supervised machine learning”. Machine learning uses examples of input and expected output (so called “structured data” or “training data”), in order to continually improve and make decisions without being programmed to do so in a step-by-step sequence of instructions. AI also imitates the cognitive functions associated with the human brain giving it the ability to learn, think and solve problems.